• Rezultati Niso Bili Najdeni



Academic year: 2022



Celotno besedilo


Dynamic Relationships Management Journal, November 2013 1 We all agree on the importance of manage-

ment for the success of enterprises and other or- ganisations, as well as of the entire economy and society. Countries in the current crisis – Slovenia is one example – often talk about different measures of financial and similar policies that would, they hope, end the crisis and result in a healthy economic and social situation. Regardless of the soundness of these policies, which are mainly directed to savings and preventing the deterioration of the well-being of citizens, it is clear that they cannot succeed with- out their acceptance by enterprises, employees and, above all, managers.

The role of management and of corporate gov- ernance in Slovenian enterprises was the focus of a debate evening held by members of the Slovenian academy of management (SAM). The situation in management and corporate governance has been critically analysed and some possible solutions for the problems offered. The participants agreed that the present socioeconomic system in Slovenia does not offer a favourable environment for enterprises.

However, this is often an excuse for poor manage- ment or at least that not much can be done to im- prove the achievements of the enterprises.

The introductory presentation on management focused on some steps of the human resources management process. The recruitment and selec- tion of managers was the topic of the previous de- bate evening, which revealed a lack of educated and skilled managers, little use of known selection ap- proaches and the still significant role of political af- filiation.

More attention at the present debate has been paid to the evaluation of quality of managers. In the public, the opinion prevails that Slovenian managers are not particularly good. However, to avoid subjec-

tivity in the evaluation of managers, we have to con- sider some rational criteria. Such criteria are the success of the managed enterprises (e.g. profitabil- ity, social responsibility) as we claim that it is the ut- most responsibility of managers; the attainment of agreed goals set by corporate governance and ac- cepted by managers; the knowledge and appropri- ate use of managerial functions; the traits of managers themselves; the relationship between or- ganisational culture and managers’ traits. Consider- ing the poor results of Slovenian enterprises, a lack of setting and achieving high goals, a lack of knowl- edge of management by managers, etc., partici- pants came to the conclusion that Slovenian managers have much to improve.

More discussion has focussed on the education and training of top managers. The situation follow- ing the introduction of Bologna process has been criticized. The discussion revealed that not the basic ideas of Bologna process but their implementation has failed and resulted in less efficient and useful education, which is the very opposite of the inten- tions behind it. The situation in management edu- cation is worse than before and represents a barrier to improvements efforts of management. Partici- pants proposed two possible solutions: returning to the basic principles of Bologna reform, or accepting defeat and establishing a kind of specialization in management (as well as improving the orientation of doctoral studies) after five years (first and second level) basic university schooling.

Corporate governance has not been discussed in detail. Let us mention only some of the problems encountered: little basic understanding of corporate governance and its relationship to management;

unclear distinction between governance and man- agerial decision-making; following only economic



RUDI ROZMAN University of Ljubljana

Dear Reader,


Dynamic Relationships Management Journal, November 2013 2

principal-agency theory without any consideration of the organizational stewardship theory based on trust; unimportant and unclear role of other stake- holders (labour) except owners; problematic recruit- ment and selection of members of supervisory boards; their inability to supervise while simultane- ously trying to direct the enterprises etc.

Participants believe that poor management and corporate governance in recent years are some of the most significant reasons for problems within the enterprises and other organisations. They also be- lieve that crucial part of the exit from the crisis is the change and improvement of corporate gover- nance and management. As the first step to im- provement, they see a detailed, systematic and honest analysis of the present situation in corporate governance and management as well as in the neighbouring areas. They see that the solution not only lies in new economic policies but even more in the improvement of governance and management.

In this, they also see the challenges for the academy, whose basic mission is to support the knowledge in corporate governance and management and their neighbouring areas.

Rudi Rozman

President of the Slovenian academy of management



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The research attempts to reveal which type of organisational culture is present within the enterprise, and whether the culture influences successful business performance.. Therefore,

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